Aztec warrior

aztec warrior

Bei Aztec Warrior Princess erwartet dich ein wildes Abenteuer: Spiele du um die Gunst der Azteken-Göttin, ernte sagenhafte Gewinne im Totenkopf-Bonusspiel. Versuch dein Glück und gewinne echtes Bargeld mit Aztec Warrior Princess und vielen anderen casino-Spielen oder spiele kostenlos! Melde dich an und. Der Aztec Warrior Princess Slot von den Entwicklern von Play'n GO ist ein Video Slot, der sich der Thematik der Urvölker Nordamerikas bedient. Ihr bewegt euch. A wooden club, somewhat resembling a baseball bat. For the Aztec Warfare wrestling match, see Lucha Underground tournaments. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The sacred metallurgica technology of ancient West Mexico. This lord of warriors, with his tongue sticking out is pokerstars cheat popular among abstract art lovers. They served as imperial shock troops and took on special tasks as well as battlefield assistance roles when needed. University of Oklahoma Press. When the troops were ready and any allied cities had been alerted and had given their consent to partake in the campaign deutschland frankreich wm 2019 march began. The second objective was religious and socioeconomic: Due to the extremely dangerous nature of this job they risked a torturous death and the enslavement of their family if discoveredthese spies were amply compensated for their work. Archers in the Aztec leo lkw were designated kwalifikacje mś 2019 Tequihua. Merchants were very well respected in Aztec society. The Aztecs were a group of people living in the present day Mexico, from 13th to 16th century. Egal ob man Abenteuer im alten Ägypten durchlebt, ins ferne Asien reist, oder eben in Südamerika nach den Schätzen der Azteken und Inkas sucht. Das Kunstwerk an sich ist aus dem folgenden Grund gemeinfrei: Beschreibung Aztec Warriors Florentine Codex. Es wurde festgestellt, dass diese Datei frei von bekannten Beschränkungen durch das Urheberrecht ist, alle verbundenen und verwandten Rechte eingeschlossen. Das wars aber dann auch schon mit den Extras. Dies gilt für das Herkunftsland des Werks und alle weiteren Staaten mit einer gesetzlichen Schutzfrist von 70 oder weniger Jahren nach dem Tod des Urhebers. Aztec Warriors Florentine Codex. Dieses Werk ist gemeinfrei in den Vereinigten Staaten, weil es vor dem 1. Die Verwendung dieser Werke kann in anderen Rechtssystemen verboten oder nur eingeschränkt erlaubt sein. So kriegerisch wie der Titel ist Aztec Warrior Princess nicht. Diese fotografische Reproduktion wird daher auch als gemeinfrei in den Vereinigten Staaten angesehen. Die nachfolgenden anderen Wikis verwenden diese Datei: Exotische Themen sind bei den Casinofreunden immer beliebt.

Therefore, Aztec warriors symbolized bravery and courage. Sporting a tattoo depicting Tezcatlipoca represents discipline, honor and supremacy in battlefield.

It is also believed that the Aztecs worshiped Sun god and his images were very commonly used in different art forms. On the other hand, warriors of the Aztec civilization were classified either into the eagle or jaguar warrior types.

Those belonging to the respective family wore respective outfits during battles. The eagle and the jaguar warrior symbols are famous among tattoo lovers and also widely accepted.

Other Aztec symbols are the shield with fringes all around it and the warrior armband used by these warriors. Aztec Warrior Designs for Tattoo.

Although in earlier times, the Aztec tattoos were made only by Mexicans, today they are a favorite among people all over the world. If you wish to have a colorful tattoo depicting ancient art, you can go for the Aztec warrior tattoos.

However, you should note that the Aztec tattoos are quite large and very colorful sometimes to the extent of gaudy in appearance.

But, you can still have your own color choice and style. Here are some design ideas for the warrior tattoo of the Aztec era.

If you wish to make a classic tattoo, then the picture of Tezcatlipoca is the best design. This lord of warriors, with his tongue sticking out is very popular among abstract art lovers.

Secondly, as the sun is a popular and sacred symbol, it is found in several Aztec tattoos. The eagle and the jaguar Aztec warriors are two beautiful tattoo designs that typically portray this culture.

Also, an Aztec shield with fringes made with the Sun god in the center is yet another tattoo design that you can consider.

Tribal Aztec tattoos also look equally attractive, and can be made by those who do not wish to have colorful tattoos. This tattoo is quite large in size and hence, it is recommended to have it made on the upper arm, shoulder or the back.

Similarly, for a smaller version, you can have the warrior armband or the warrior shield tattoos and sport them on arms, wrist, etc. As these tattoo designs are complex, it is recommended to have a printed copy of the design and check out its appearance before going for it.

Aztec warrior tattoos portray the ancient art of the Aztec culture. Aztec Tattoos and their Meanings. Arrow Tattoo Designs and Symbolism.

These dual objectives also influenced the kind of warfare practiced by the Aztecs. The first action of a ruler elect was always to stage a military campaign which served the dual purpose of showing his ability as a warrior and thus make it clear to subject polities that his rule would be as tough on any rebellious conduct as that of his predecessor, and to provide abundant captives for his coronation ceremony.

Warriors were essential to Aztec life and culture. At birth, an Aztec boy would receive two symbols of being a warrior. A shield would be placed in his left hand, and an arrow would be placed in his right.

These parts would symbolize the rise of a warrior. Each shield and arrow would be made specifically for that boy and would resemble his family and the gods.

These birth rituals show the importance of warrior culture to the Aztecs. Since all boys starting at age 15 were trained to become warriors Aztec society as a whole had no standing army.

Therefore, warriors would be drafted to a campaign through a Tequital a payment of goods and labor enforced by the government. Outside of battle, many warriors were farmers and tradesmen.

They would learn their trade from their father. Warriors would be married by their early twenties and would be a vital part of Aztec daily life.

They would work a certain trade usually passed on through family status. Warriors would be lower class citizens, that when called upon would engage in battle.

Being a warrior did, however, present a way to move up in Aztec society. If they reached the rank of Eagle or Jaguar warrior they would be considered as nobles.

They would also become full-time warriors working for the city-state to protect merchants and the city itself. They resembled the police force of Aztec society.

Aztec culture valued appearance, and appearance defined people within society. Warriors had a very distinct appearance.

Their dress would be in relation to their success, and triumph on the battlefield. Gaining ranks as an Aztec warrior was based on how many enemy soldiers that warrior had captured.

A warrior who had taken one captive would carry a macuahuitl , and a chimalli without any decorations. He would also be rewarded with a manta, and an orange cape with a stripe, a carmine-colored loincloth, and a scorpion-knotted designed cape.

A two captive warrior would be able to wear sandals on the battlefield. He would also have a feathered warrior suit and a cone shaped cap. The feathered suit and the cone shaped cap appearance are the most common within the Codex Mendoza.

A four captive warrior, which would be an ocelot or jaguar warrior, would wear an actual jaguar skin over his body with an open slot for the head.

These warriors would have expensive jewelry and weapons. Their hair style was also unique to their status. The hair would sit at the top of their head and be parted into two sections with a red cord wrapped around it.

The red cord would also have an ornament of green, blue, and red feathers. The shields were made of wicker wood and leather, so very few survived.

The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca , Mazahua and Otomies and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides.

This kind of warfare was fought by smaller armies after a previous arrangement between the parties involved. It was not aimed directly at conquering the enemy city-state altepetl but served a number of other purposes.

One often cited purpose is the taking of sacrificial captives and this was certainly an important part of most Aztec warfare.

These sources state that Tlacaelel arranged with the leaders of Tlaxcala , Cholula , and Huexotzinco , and Tliliuhquitepec to engage in ritual battles that would provide all parties with enough sacrificial victims to appease the gods.

Ross Hassig however poses four main political purposes of xochiyaoyotl:. The Aztec army was organized into two groups. The nobles were organized into professional warrior societies.

The Tlacochcalcatl and Tlacateccatl also had to name successors prior to any battle so that if they died they could be immediately replaced.

Priests also took part in warfare, carrying the effigies of deities into battle alongside the armies. The army also had boys about the age of twelve along with them serving as porters and messengers; this was mainly for training measures.

The adjacent image shows the Tlacateccatl and the Tlacochcalcatl and two other officers probably priests known as Huitznahuatl and Ticocyahuacatl , all dressed in their tlahuiztli suits.

The formal education of the Aztecs was to train and teach young boys how to function in their society, particularly as warriors.

The Aztecs had a relatively small standing army. Only the elite soldiers part of the societies such as the Jaguar Knights and the soldiers stationed at the few Aztec fortifications were full-time.

Nevertheless, every boy was trained to become a warrior with the exception of nobles. Trades such as farming and artisan skills were not taught at the two formal schools.

All boys who were between the ages of ten and twenty years old would attend one of the two schools: At the Telpochcalli, students would learn the art of warfare, and would become warriors.

At the Calmecac students would be trained to become military leaders, priests, government officials, etc. Once a boy reached the age of ten, a section of hair on the back of his head was grown long to indicate that he had not yet taken captives in war.

At age fifteen, the father of the boy handed the responsibility of training to the telpochcalli, who would then train the boy to become a warrior.

The telpochcalli was accountable for the training of approximately to youths between the ages of fifteen and twenty years old.

The youth were tested to determine how fit they would be for battle by accompanying their leaders on campaigns as shield-bearers.

War captains and veteran warriors had the role of training the boys how to handle their weapons. This generally included showing them how to hold a shield, how to hold a sword, how to shoot arrows from a bow and how to throw darts with an atlatl.

The calmecac were attached to temples as a dedication to patron gods. For example, the calmecac in the main ceremonial complex of Tenochtitlan was dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl.

When formal training in handling weapons began at age fifteen, youth would begin to accompany the seasoned warriors on campaigns so that they could become accustomed to military life and lose the fear of battle.

At age twenty, those who wanted to become warriors officially went to war. The parents of the youth sought out veteran warriors, bringing them foods and gifts with the objective of securing a warrior to be the sponsor of their child.

Ideally, the sponsor would watch over the youth and teach him how to take captives. Thus, sons of high nobility tended to succeed more often in war than those of lower nobility.

However, while parallels can be drawn between the organization of Aztec and Western military systems, as each developed from similar functional necessities, the differences between the two are far greater than the similarities.

The members of the Aztec army had loyalties to many different people and institutions, and ranking was not based solely on the position one held in a centralized military hierarchy.

Thus, the classification of ranks and statuses cannot be defined in the same manner as that of the modern Western military.

Next were the commoners yaoquizqueh. And finally, there were commoners who had taken captives, the so-called tlamanih. Ranking above these came the nobles of the "warrior societies".

These tlahuiztli became gradually more spectacular as the ranks progressed, allowing the most excellent warriors who had taken many captives to stand out on the battlefield.

The higher ranked warriors were also called "Pipiltin". Commoners excelling in warfare could be promoted to the noble class and could enter some of the warrior societies at least the Eagles and Jaguars.

Sons of nobles trained at the Calmecac, however, were expected to enter into one of the societies as they progressed through the ranks.

Warriors could shift from one society and into another when they became sufficiently proficient; exactly how this happened is uncertain.

Each society had different styles of dress and equipment as well as styles of body paint and adornments. Tlamanih captor was a term that described commoners who had taken captives within the Aztec army, particularly those who had taken one captive.

Two captive warriors, recognizable by their red and black tlahuiztli and conical hats. Eagle warrior and Jaguar warrior. Those Aztec warriors who demonstrated the most bravery and who fought well became either jaguar or eagle warriors.

Of all of the Aztec warriors, they were the most feared. Both the jaguar and eagle Aztec warriors wore distinguishing helmets and uniforms.

The jaguars were identifiable by the jaguar skins they wore over their entire body, with only their faces showing from within the jaguar head.

The eagle Aztec warriors, on the other hand, wore feathered helmets including an open beak. In the historical sources, it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies.

A celebrated member of this warrior sect was Tzilacatzin. Their bald heads and faces were painted one-half blue and another half red or yellow.

They served as imperial shock troops and took on special tasks as well as battlefield assistance roles when needed. Over six captives and dozens of other heroic deeds were required for this rank.

They apparently turned down captaincies in order to remain constant battlefield combatants. Recognizable by their yellow tlahuitzli, they had sworn not to take a step backward during a battle on pain of death at the hands of their comrades.

Because the Aztec empire was maintained through warfare or the threat of war with other cities, the gathering of information about those cities was crucial in the process of preparing for a single battle or an extended campaign.

Also of great importance was the communication of messages between the military leaders and the warriors on the field so that political initiatives and collaborative ties could be established and maintained.

As such, intelligence and communication were vital components in Aztec warfare. The four establishments principally used for these tasks were merchants, formal ambassadors, messengers, and spies.

Merchants, called pochteca singular: General information, such as the perceived political climate of the areas traded in, could allow the king to gauge what actions might be necessary to prevent invasions and keep hostility from culminating in large-scale rebellion.

Because it became harder to obtain information about distant sites in a timely way, especially for those outside the empire, the feedback and warning received from merchants were invaluable.

If a merchant was killed while trading, this was a cause for war. Merchants were very well respected in Aztec society. When merchants traveled south, they transported their merchandise either by canoe or by slaves, who would carry a majority of the goods on their backs.

If the caravan was likely to pass through dangerous territory, Aztec warriors accompanied the travelers to provide much-needed protection from wild animals and rival cultures.

Once the Aztecs had decided to conquer a particular city Altepetl , they sent an ambassador from Tenochtitlan to offer the city protection.

They would showcase the advantages cities would gain by trading with the empire. The Aztecs, in return, asked for gold or precious stones for the Emperor.

They were given 20 days to decide their request. If they refused, more ambassadors were sent to the cities. However, these ambassadors were used as up front threats.

Instead of trade, these men would point out the destruction the empire could and would cause if the city were to decline their offer.

They were given another 20 days. There were no more warnings. The cities were destroyed and their people were taken as prisoners. The Aztecs used a system in which men stationed approximately 4.

For example, the runners might be sent by the king to inform allies to mobilize if a province began to rebel. Messengers also alerted certain tributary cities of the incoming army and their food needs, carried messages between two opposing armies, and delivered news back to Tenochtitlan about the outcome of the war.

While messengers were also used in other regions of Mesoamerica, it was the Aztecs who apparently developed this system to a point of having impressive communicative scope.

Prior to mobilization, formal spies called quimichtin were sent into the territory of the enemy to gather information that would be advantageous to the Aztecs.

Specifically, they were requested to take careful note of the terrain that would be crossed, fortification used, details about the army, and their preparations.

These spies also sought out those who were dissidents in the area and paid them for information. The quimichtin traveled only by night and even spoke the language and wore the style of clothing specific to the region of the enemy.

Aztec Warrior Video

Ancient Black Ops S01E07 Aztec Eagle Warriors

Aztec warrior - opinion you

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Today, these symbols are used as tattoo designs and are quite popular all over. Among the several tattoo designs, the warrior is the most loved and favored symbol.

In the Aztec culture, Tezcatlipoca is considered as the lord of kings and warriors. Tezcatlipoca symbolizes strength, power and all qualities associated with a warrior.

Similar to all the ancient civilizations, warfare was a part of the life and culture of the Aztecs. Therefore, Aztec warriors symbolized bravery and courage.

Sporting a tattoo depicting Tezcatlipoca represents discipline, honor and supremacy in battlefield. It is also believed that the Aztecs worshiped Sun god and his images were very commonly used in different art forms.

On the other hand, warriors of the Aztec civilization were classified either into the eagle or jaguar warrior types. Those belonging to the respective family wore respective outfits during battles.

The eagle and the jaguar warrior symbols are famous among tattoo lovers and also widely accepted. Other Aztec symbols are the shield with fringes all around it and the warrior armband used by these warriors.

Aztec Warrior Designs for Tattoo. Although in earlier times, the Aztec tattoos were made only by Mexicans, today they are a favorite among people all over the world.

If you wish to have a colorful tattoo depicting ancient art, you can go for the Aztec warrior tattoos. However, you should note that the Aztec tattoos are quite large and very colorful sometimes to the extent of gaudy in appearance.

But, you can still have your own color choice and style. Here are some design ideas for the warrior tattoo of the Aztec era.

If you wish to make a classic tattoo, then the picture of Tezcatlipoca is the best design. This lord of warriors, with his tongue sticking out is very popular among abstract art lovers.

Secondly, as the sun is a popular and sacred symbol, it is found in several Aztec tattoos. The eagle and the jaguar Aztec warriors are two beautiful tattoo designs that typically portray this culture.

Also, an Aztec shield with fringes made with the Sun god in the center is yet another tattoo design that you can consider. Tribal Aztec tattoos also look equally attractive, and can be made by those who do not wish to have colorful tattoos.

This tattoo is quite large in size and hence, it is recommended to have it made on the upper arm, shoulder or the back. Being a warrior did, however, present a way to move up in Aztec society.

If they reached the rank of Eagle or Jaguar warrior they would be considered as nobles. They would also become full-time warriors working for the city-state to protect merchants and the city itself.

They resembled the police force of Aztec society. Aztec culture valued appearance, and appearance defined people within society.

Warriors had a very distinct appearance. Their dress would be in relation to their success, and triumph on the battlefield. Gaining ranks as an Aztec warrior was based on how many enemy soldiers that warrior had captured.

A warrior who had taken one captive would carry a macuahuitl , and a chimalli without any decorations. He would also be rewarded with a manta, and an orange cape with a stripe, a carmine-colored loincloth, and a scorpion-knotted designed cape.

A two captive warrior would be able to wear sandals on the battlefield. He would also have a feathered warrior suit and a cone shaped cap.

The feathered suit and the cone shaped cap appearance are the most common within the Codex Mendoza. A four captive warrior, which would be an ocelot or jaguar warrior, would wear an actual jaguar skin over his body with an open slot for the head.

These warriors would have expensive jewelry and weapons. Their hair style was also unique to their status. The hair would sit at the top of their head and be parted into two sections with a red cord wrapped around it.

The red cord would also have an ornament of green, blue, and red feathers. The shields were made of wicker wood and leather, so very few survived.

The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca , Mazahua and Otomies and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides.

This kind of warfare was fought by smaller armies after a previous arrangement between the parties involved. It was not aimed directly at conquering the enemy city-state altepetl but served a number of other purposes.

One often cited purpose is the taking of sacrificial captives and this was certainly an important part of most Aztec warfare.

These sources state that Tlacaelel arranged with the leaders of Tlaxcala , Cholula , and Huexotzinco , and Tliliuhquitepec to engage in ritual battles that would provide all parties with enough sacrificial victims to appease the gods.

Ross Hassig however poses four main political purposes of xochiyaoyotl:. The Aztec army was organized into two groups.

The nobles were organized into professional warrior societies. The Tlacochcalcatl and Tlacateccatl also had to name successors prior to any battle so that if they died they could be immediately replaced.

Priests also took part in warfare, carrying the effigies of deities into battle alongside the armies. The army also had boys about the age of twelve along with them serving as porters and messengers; this was mainly for training measures.

The adjacent image shows the Tlacateccatl and the Tlacochcalcatl and two other officers probably priests known as Huitznahuatl and Ticocyahuacatl , all dressed in their tlahuiztli suits.

The formal education of the Aztecs was to train and teach young boys how to function in their society, particularly as warriors. The Aztecs had a relatively small standing army.

Only the elite soldiers part of the societies such as the Jaguar Knights and the soldiers stationed at the few Aztec fortifications were full-time.

Nevertheless, every boy was trained to become a warrior with the exception of nobles. Trades such as farming and artisan skills were not taught at the two formal schools.

All boys who were between the ages of ten and twenty years old would attend one of the two schools: At the Telpochcalli, students would learn the art of warfare, and would become warriors.

At the Calmecac students would be trained to become military leaders, priests, government officials, etc. Once a boy reached the age of ten, a section of hair on the back of his head was grown long to indicate that he had not yet taken captives in war.

At age fifteen, the father of the boy handed the responsibility of training to the telpochcalli, who would then train the boy to become a warrior.

The telpochcalli was accountable for the training of approximately to youths between the ages of fifteen and twenty years old.

The youth were tested to determine how fit they would be for battle by accompanying their leaders on campaigns as shield-bearers.

War captains and veteran warriors had the role of training the boys how to handle their weapons. This generally included showing them how to hold a shield, how to hold a sword, how to shoot arrows from a bow and how to throw darts with an atlatl.

The calmecac were attached to temples as a dedication to patron gods. For example, the calmecac in the main ceremonial complex of Tenochtitlan was dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl.

When formal training in handling weapons began at age fifteen, youth would begin to accompany the seasoned warriors on campaigns so that they could become accustomed to military life and lose the fear of battle.

At age twenty, those who wanted to become warriors officially went to war. The parents of the youth sought out veteran warriors, bringing them foods and gifts with the objective of securing a warrior to be the sponsor of their child.

Ideally, the sponsor would watch over the youth and teach him how to take captives. Thus, sons of high nobility tended to succeed more often in war than those of lower nobility.

However, while parallels can be drawn between the organization of Aztec and Western military systems, as each developed from similar functional necessities, the differences between the two are far greater than the similarities.

The members of the Aztec army had loyalties to many different people and institutions, and ranking was not based solely on the position one held in a centralized military hierarchy.

Thus, the classification of ranks and statuses cannot be defined in the same manner as that of the modern Western military.

Next were the commoners yaoquizqueh. And finally, there were commoners who had taken captives, the so-called tlamanih. Ranking above these came the nobles of the "warrior societies".

These tlahuiztli became gradually more spectacular as the ranks progressed, allowing the most excellent warriors who had taken many captives to stand out on the battlefield.

The higher ranked warriors were also called "Pipiltin". Commoners excelling in warfare could be promoted to the noble class and could enter some of the warrior societies at least the Eagles and Jaguars.

Sons of nobles trained at the Calmecac, however, were expected to enter into one of the societies as they progressed through the ranks.

Warriors could shift from one society and into another when they became sufficiently proficient; exactly how this happened is uncertain.

Each society had different styles of dress and equipment as well as styles of body paint and adornments. Tlamanih captor was a term that described commoners who had taken captives within the Aztec army, particularly those who had taken one captive.

Two captive warriors, recognizable by their red and black tlahuiztli and conical hats. Eagle warrior and Jaguar warrior. Those Aztec warriors who demonstrated the most bravery and who fought well became either jaguar or eagle warriors.

Of all of the Aztec warriors, they were the most feared. Both the jaguar and eagle Aztec warriors wore distinguishing helmets and uniforms.

The jaguars were identifiable by the jaguar skins they wore over their entire body, with only their faces showing from within the jaguar head.

The eagle Aztec warriors, on the other hand, wore feathered helmets including an open beak. In the historical sources, it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies.

A celebrated member of this warrior sect was Tzilacatzin. Their bald heads and faces were painted one-half blue and another half red or yellow.

They served as imperial shock troops and took on special tasks as well as battlefield assistance roles when needed. Over six captives and dozens of other heroic deeds were required for this rank.

They apparently turned down captaincies in order to remain constant battlefield combatants. Recognizable by their yellow tlahuitzli, they had sworn not to take a step backward during a battle on pain of death at the hands of their comrades.

Because the Aztec empire was maintained through warfare or the threat of war with other cities, the gathering of information about those cities was crucial in the process of preparing for a single battle or an extended campaign.

Also of great importance was the communication of messages between the military leaders and the warriors on the field so that political initiatives and collaborative ties could be established and maintained.

As such, intelligence and communication were vital components in Aztec warfare. The four establishments principally used for these tasks were merchants, formal ambassadors, messengers, and spies.

Merchants, called pochteca singular: General information, such as the perceived political climate of the areas traded in, could allow the king to gauge what actions might be necessary to prevent invasions and keep hostility from culminating in large-scale rebellion.

Because it became harder to obtain information about distant sites in a timely way, especially for those outside the empire, the feedback and warning received from merchants were invaluable.

If a merchant was killed while trading, this was a cause for war. Merchants were very well respected in Aztec society.

When merchants traveled south, they transported their merchandise either by canoe or by slaves, who would carry a majority of the goods on their backs.

If the caravan was likely to pass through dangerous territory, Aztec warriors accompanied the travelers to provide much-needed protection from wild animals and rival cultures.

Once the Aztecs had decided to conquer a particular city Altepetl , they sent an ambassador from Tenochtitlan to offer the city protection.

They would showcase the advantages cities would gain by trading with the empire. The Aztecs, in return, asked for gold or precious stones for the Emperor.

They were given 20 days to decide their request. If they refused, more ambassadors were sent to the cities. However, these ambassadors were used as up front threats.

Instead of trade, these men would point out the destruction the empire could and would cause if the city were to decline their offer.

They were given another 20 days. There were no more warnings. The cities were destroyed and their people were taken as prisoners.

The Aztecs used a system in which men stationed approximately 4. For example, the runners might be sent by the king to inform allies to mobilize if a province began to rebel.

Messengers also alerted certain tributary cities of the incoming army and their food needs, carried messages between two opposing armies, and delivered news back to Tenochtitlan about the outcome of the war.

While messengers were also used in other regions of Mesoamerica, it was the Aztecs who apparently developed this system to a point of having impressive communicative scope.

Prior to mobilization, formal spies called quimichtin were sent into the territory of the enemy to gather information that would be advantageous to the Aztecs.

Specifically, they were requested to take careful note of the terrain that would be crossed, fortification used, details about the army, and their preparations.

These spies also sought out those who were dissidents in the area and paid them for information. The quimichtin traveled only by night and even spoke the language and wore the style of clothing specific to the region of the enemy.

Due to the extremely dangerous nature of this job they risked a torturous death and the enslavement of their family if discovered , these spies were amply compensated for their work.

The Aztecs also used a group of trade spies, known as the naualoztomeca. The naualoztomeca were forced to disguise themselves as they traveled.

They sought after rare goods and treasures. The naualoztomeca were also used for gathering information at the markets and reporting the information to the higher levels of pochteca.

This weapon was considered by the Aztecs to be suited only for royalty and the most elite warriors in the army, and was usually depicted as being the weapon of the Gods.

Murals at Teotihuacan show warriors using this effective weapon and it is characteristic of the Mesoamerican cultures of central Mexico. Warriors at the front lines of the army would carry the ahtlatl and about three to five tlacochtli, and would launch them after the waves of arrows and sling projectiles as they advanced into battle before engaging into melee combat.

The ahtlatl could also throw spears as its name implies "spear thrower". The "darts" launched from an Atlatl, not so much darts but more like big arrows about 5.

Tipped with obsidian, fish bones, or copper heads. The Aztec war bow , constructed from the wood of the tepozan tree, about five feet long and stringed with animal- sinew.

Archers in the Aztec army were designated as Tequihua. The Aztec arrow quiver , usually made out of animal hide, it could hold about twenty arrows.

War arrows with barbed obsidian, chert , flint, or bone points.

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